Difference between revisions of "Captioning"

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= About<br/> =
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= <span style="font-size:medium">About</span><br/> =
  
<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Captions are text representations of the audio content of multimedia and video, including narration, dialogue, sound effects, and other information that are displayed in sync with the audio track. Providing captions is a means of providing access to multimedia and video content to individuals who are deaf and hard of hearing. Captions can also be beneficial to individuals learning English as a second language, and for all users in increasing comprehension and retention of material.</span></span>
+
<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Captions''' are text representations of the audio content of multimedia and video, including narration, dialogue, sound effects and other audio information displayed in sync with the audio track. Captioning content is a means of providing access to multimedia and video that individuals who are deaf and hard of hearing may otherwise not have access to. Captions may also benefit individuals who are learning English as a second language, and provide increased comprehension and retention of material for all users.</span></span>
  
= Principles<br/> =
+
{{#ev:youtube|WG1r0P1bjXM}}
  
<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act was passed by Congress to update telecommunications protections for people with disabilities, specifically to ensure that accessibility laws keep pace with broadband technologies.&nbsp; [http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/twenty-first-century-communications-and-video-accessibility-act FCC.gov]</span></span>
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! style="background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204)" scope="row" |
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Captioning Services'''</span>
  
<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Captions can be integrated into multimedia as a user-selectable option (closed) or permanently recorded along with the main audio or video (open). Closed captions may be toggled on and off by the user in a preferences or settings menu or with a button on the player interface. Open captions are always on and cannot be turned off.</span></span>
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! style="background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204)" scope="col" |
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Description'''</span>
  
= Techniques<br/> =
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! style="background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204)" scope="col" |
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Recommended User Examples'''</span>
  
*<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Plan the inclusion of captions during the scripting and production of the video or multimedia.</span></span>
+
|-
*<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Follow accepted captioning guidelines, see [http://www.dcmp.org/captioningkey/ DCMP Captioning Key]</span></span>
+
! scope="row" |
*<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Use a supported markup format such as SMIL or SAMI to integrate captions into multimedia presentations and videos posted on websites.</span></span>
+
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Remote Real-Time Captioning (Text Interpreting)'''</span>
  
= Resources<br/> =
+
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Can be provided in any environment with an Internet connection. Our captionists will listen to your live event or class remotely and provide access for your client(s) or student(s) via real-time text interpretation of the spoken information.</span>
  
[http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/twenty-first-century-communications-and-video-accessibility-act Twenty First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act]
+
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Text Interpreting is a meaning-based or summarized account of the spoken message. It includes significant information delivered by the speaker, without all of the extraneous nuances of spoken language, which may sometimes be difficult to understand by those with hearing loss or language-based disabilities. Notes of the session are sent to the student/recipient as an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Text_Format RTF] document within 24 hours of event completion.</span>
  
[http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/accessible-digital-media-guide/guideline-h-multimedia NCAM Multimedia Guidelines]
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Clients, students, trainees or employees who are deaf or hard-of-hearing, have language-based learning disabilities, or ESL individuals</span>
  
= Recommendations<br/> =
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|-
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! scope="row" | <span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Remote Real-Time CART'''</span>
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|
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Can be provided in any environment with an Internet connection. Our captionists will listen to your live event or class remotely and provide access for your client(s) or student(s) in real-time.</span>
  
<span style="font-size:larger"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Recommendations and suggestions from the AccessIT Community</span></span>
+
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''C'''ommunication '''A'''ccess '''R'''ealtime '''T'''ranslation (CART) is provided remotely when access to every single word is necessary. CART is a verbatim account of everything spoken. CART is most effective for providing access to late-deafened adults who are accustomed to hearing all the elements of spoken language or ESL individuals. Transcripts of the session are sent to the student/recipient as an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Text_Format RTF] document within 24 hours of event completion.</span>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Clients, students, trainees or employees who are late-deafened and accustomed to hearing all the elements of spoken language, or ESL individuals</span>
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" width="1316"
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|-
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! style="background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204)" scope="row" |
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Audio Products'''</span>
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 +
! style="background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204)" scope="row" |
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'''<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Description</span>'''
 +
 
 +
! style="background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204)" scope="row" |
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Reccomended User Examples</span>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
! scope="row" |
 +
<span style="font-family:lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif"><span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Captioned Media'''</span></span>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">AMAC-added captions to movies, podcasts or clips created from your courses or programs. Captioned media is provided in the following formats: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Media_Video .wmv], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.mov .mov], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mpeg-1 .mpeg], or DVD (additional cost).</span>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Users accessing your website or courses without possible access to hearing the audio portions due to disability, environmental or technical limitations.</span>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
! scope="row" |
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Transcripts'''</span>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Written transcripts of audio only recordings (not fully accessible for video applications). Transcripts are provided in the following formats: .doc, PDF, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Text_file .txt], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Text_Format RTF].</span>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Users accessing your website or courses without possible access to hearing the audio portions due to disability, environmental or technical limitations.</span>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
! scope="row" |
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">'''Professional Minute Writing'''</span>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Provides a professional transcript of your event or meeting when the dialogue needs to be archived or made accessible for a later date. This product is provided only when you record your event or by remote internet connection. Minutes are provided in the following formats: .doc, PDF, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Text_file .txt], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Text_Format RTF]. Telephone connections are not possible.</span>
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 +
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<span style="font-family:tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Companies, organizations, or institutions desiring minutes of your meetings or events.</span>
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
= <span style="font-size:medium">Principles</span><br/> =
 +
 
 +
<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act was passed by Congress to update telecommunications protections for people with disabilities, specifically to ensure accessibility laws keep pace with broadband technologies.&nbsp; [http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/twenty-first-century-communications-and-video-accessibility-act FCC.gov]</span></span>
 +
 
 +
<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Captions can be integrated into multimedia as a user-selectable option (closed) or permanently recorded along with the main audio or video (open). Closed captions may be toggled on and off by the user in a preferences or settings menu, or with a button on the player interface. Open captions are always on and cannot be turned off.</span></span>
 +
 
 +
= <span style="font-size:medium">Techniques</span><br/> =
 +
 
 +
*<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Plan the inclusion of captions during the scripting and production of the video or multimedia.</span></span>
 +
*<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Follow accepted captioning guidelines, see [http://www.dcmp.org/captioningkey/ DCMP Captioning Key]</span></span>.
 +
*<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Use a supported markup format such as SMIL or SAMI to integrate captions into multimedia presentations and videos posted on websites.</span></span>
 +
 
 +
= <span style="font-size:medium">Resources</span><br/> =
 +
 
 +
<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">[http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/accessible-digital-media-guide/guideline-h-multimedia NCAM Multimedia Guidelines]</span></span>
 +
 
 +
<span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">[http://www.nad.org/issues/technology/vri National Association for the Deaf]</span>
 +
 
 +
[http://webaim.org/techniques/captions/realtime <span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">WebAIM Real-time Captioning</span>]
 +
 
 +
[http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/tools-guidelines/caplinks <span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">NCAM Captioning Resources</span>]
 +
 
 +
<span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">[http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/twenty-first-century-communications-and-video-accessibility-act Twenty First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act]</span>
 +
 
 +
= <span style="font-size:medium">Recommendations</span><br/> =
 +
 
 +
<span style="font-size:small"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif">Recommendations and suggestions from the AccessIT community:</span></span>

Revision as of 09:51, 30 September 2021

About

Captions are text representations of the audio content of multimedia and video, including narration, dialogue, sound effects and other audio information displayed in sync with the audio track. Captioning content is a means of providing access to multimedia and video that individuals who are deaf and hard of hearing may otherwise not have access to. Captions may also benefit individuals who are learning English as a second language, and provide increased comprehension and retention of material for all users.

Captioning Services

Description

Recommended User Examples

Remote Real-Time Captioning (Text Interpreting)

Can be provided in any environment with an Internet connection. Our captionists will listen to your live event or class remotely and provide access for your client(s) or student(s) via real-time text interpretation of the spoken information.

Text Interpreting is a meaning-based or summarized account of the spoken message. It includes significant information delivered by the speaker, without all of the extraneous nuances of spoken language, which may sometimes be difficult to understand by those with hearing loss or language-based disabilities. Notes of the session are sent to the student/recipient as an RTF document within 24 hours of event completion.

Clients, students, trainees or employees who are deaf or hard-of-hearing, have language-based learning disabilities, or ESL individuals

Remote Real-Time CART

Can be provided in any environment with an Internet connection. Our captionists will listen to your live event or class remotely and provide access for your client(s) or student(s) in real-time.

Communication Access Realtime Translation (CART) is provided remotely when access to every single word is necessary. CART is a verbatim account of everything spoken. CART is most effective for providing access to late-deafened adults who are accustomed to hearing all the elements of spoken language or ESL individuals. Transcripts of the session are sent to the student/recipient as an RTF document within 24 hours of event completion.

Clients, students, trainees or employees who are late-deafened and accustomed to hearing all the elements of spoken language, or ESL individuals


Audio Products

Description

Reccomended User Examples

Captioned Media

AMAC-added captions to movies, podcasts or clips created from your courses or programs. Captioned media is provided in the following formats: .wmv, .mov, .mpeg, or DVD (additional cost).

Users accessing your website or courses without possible access to hearing the audio portions due to disability, environmental or technical limitations.

Transcripts

Written transcripts of audio only recordings (not fully accessible for video applications). Transcripts are provided in the following formats: .doc, PDF, .txt, RTF.

Users accessing your website or courses without possible access to hearing the audio portions due to disability, environmental or technical limitations.

Professional Minute Writing

Provides a professional transcript of your event or meeting when the dialogue needs to be archived or made accessible for a later date. This product is provided only when you record your event or by remote internet connection. Minutes are provided in the following formats: .doc, PDF, .txt, RTF. Telephone connections are not possible.

Companies, organizations, or institutions desiring minutes of your meetings or events.

Principles

The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act was passed by Congress to update telecommunications protections for people with disabilities, specifically to ensure accessibility laws keep pace with broadband technologies.  FCC.gov

Captions can be integrated into multimedia as a user-selectable option (closed) or permanently recorded along with the main audio or video (open). Closed captions may be toggled on and off by the user in a preferences or settings menu, or with a button on the player interface. Open captions are always on and cannot be turned off.

Techniques

  • Plan the inclusion of captions during the scripting and production of the video or multimedia.
  • Follow accepted captioning guidelines, see DCMP Captioning Key.
  • Use a supported markup format such as SMIL or SAMI to integrate captions into multimedia presentations and videos posted on websites.

Resources

NCAM Multimedia Guidelines

National Association for the Deaf

WebAIM Real-time Captioning

NCAM Captioning Resources

Twenty First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act

Recommendations

Recommendations and suggestions from the AccessIT community: